Requirements for the PhD program often involve the student having already obtained a Master’s degree. Additionally, a thesis or dissertation primarily consisting of original academic research must be submitted. In some countries, this work may even need to be defended in front of a panel.
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic within the European Union, located in Southern Europe. To the north, it borders France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia along the Alps.
The cheese city of Italy - Parma is known for its architecture and rich heritage. It has some of the oldest universities of Italy like University of Parma. Therefore, whoever is interested in getting a good education in a traditional place must live in Parma.
Evolutionary Biology and Ecology (in agreement with Univ of Ferrara and Firenze)
Biotechnology and Life Science
Civil Engineering and Architecture
Mathematics (in agreement with Univ. of Modena e Reggio Emilia e Univ. of Ferrara)
Materials Science and Technology (in agreement with CNR and Univ of Cape Town - South Africa)
Philological-Literary, Historical-Philosophical and Artistic Studies
Translational Medical and Surgical Sciences
Course list - other administrative head office (Parma in agreement)...